Spending in the way of Allah

Spending in the way of Allah

 In the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

Allah has given numerous commandments for mankind to follow. Five of these are the crux of sharia i.e. the Islamic jurisprudence which encompasses the entire code of life. The five fundamental principles of sharia which are made compulsory upon the believers are: tawhid i.e. believing in the Oneness of Allah; salat; zakat; sawm (fasting) and hajj (pilgrimage). However, zakat is a vast concept as Allah has used different words and expressions within the Quran to refer to it. Usually the term zakat is strictly limited to sharia, although, if its other aspects are revealed then it would actually mean ‘spending in the way of Allah’.

Among the other terms used in the Holy Quran for spending for the cause of Allah, infaq fi sabilillah and sadaqah are the most prominent. In Arabic, infaq literally means ‘to spend’ and fi sabilillah means ‘in the way of Allah’. Infaq fi sabilillah and sadaqah actually refer to all kinds of spending in the way of Allah for achieving His goodwill and consent. The term sadaqah is often understood out of mistake or ignorance as the payment for protection of some adverse effects of evil eye which is actually sadaqah-e-nazar or to avert misfortune which is called sadaqah rd-e-bla. These are part of sadaqah and not sadaqah itself. According to Arabic dictionary, sadaqah means “donating in the way of Allah”. In the Holy Quran, Allah also uses the term sadaqah while referring to all forms of spending in His way which includes zakat, sadaqah to avert ill-luck or evil eye, hadiya (gifting something of monetary value to a Saint),     fitrana (charity to the poor Muslims at the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr), kaffarat (fees of atonement), khairaat (alms-giving to Muslims), and other donations given for different purposes. To categorize broadly, infaq fi sabilillah is of two types: infaq-e-wajiba and infaq-e-nafila.

Infaq-e-wajiba is a religious obligation for all Muslims for which the Islamic terminology is zakat. The Muslims who are entitled to receive zakat are classified into eight categories and are called the masarif-e-zakat i.e. the recipients of zakat[1]. Sufis and Fakirs call it zakat-e-sharia i.e. the zakat of sharia. Ushr[2] is also a part of it. On the other hand, infaq-e-nafila includes all kinds of sadaqat[3] which are given following the way of the Holy Prophet out of one’s own desire to please Allah. It is spending in the way of Allah without being under obligation.  According to the Mystics and Saints, this is zakat-e-haqeeqi i.e. the zakat of dignity.

[1] This is explained in the section “The Recipients of Zakat (Masarif-e-Zakat)”.

[2]Ushr, literally meaning one-tenth, is the tenth portion of agricultural produce obligatory to be donated in the way of Allah.

[3] Plural of sadaqah

Zakat of Sharia

The literal meaning of the word ‘zakat’ is to purify, to grow or to elevate. According to sharia, it refers to the religious obligatory payment of wealth to the deserving people at the prescribed rate which is 2.5% of the wealth, at a fixed time per year. Zakat is compulsory on every adult Muslim who owns a specific amount of wealth[1] for an uninterrupted full year. Since zakat is the pillar of Islam, the Quran and Hadith repeatedly instruct about its payment. Zakat is considered next to salat as both are forms of devotion to Allah with a change of their outer aspect. Just as salat is a physical worship, likewise, zakat is the financial form of worship.

The Holy Quran says:

 وَاَقِیْمُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ وَاٰتُوا الزَّکٰوۃَ وَاَطِیْعُوا الرَّسُوْلَ لَعَلَّکُمْ تُرْحَمُوْنَ۔

Meaning: And establish salat, (ensure the) payment of zakat and obey the Messenger so that you may be granted mercy. (Al-Noor 56)

ھُدًی وَّبُشْرٰی لِلْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ لا  الَّذِیْنَ یُقِیْمُوْنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَیُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَھُمْ بِالْاٰخِرَۃِ ھُمْ یُوْقِنُوْنَ۔

Meaning: Guidance and glad tidings for those true believers, who establish salat, give zakat and believe in the hereafter. (An Naml 2,3)

ا لَّذِیْنَ یُقِیْمُوْنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَیُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَھُمْ بِالْاٰخِرَۃِ ھُمْ یُوْقِنُوْنَ  ط اُوْلٰٓئِکَ عَلٰی ھُدًی مِّنْ رَّبِّھِمْ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ ھُمُ الْمُفْلِحُوْنَ ۔

Meaning: Those who establish salat, give zakat and believe in the hereafter, it is they who are following guidance from their Lord and only they will be successful. (Luqman 4,5)

 وَرَحْمَتِیْ وَسِعَتْ کُلَّ شَیْئٍ ط فَسَاَکْتُبُھَا لِلَّذِیْنَ یَتَّقُوْنَ وَیُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَالَّذِیْنَ ھُمْ بِاٰیٰتِنَا یُؤْمِنُوْنَ۔

Meaning: And My mercy encompasses everything. Soon, I shall prescribe this mercy for those who are God-fearing and give zakat regularly, and it is they who have faith in Our revelations. (Al-A’raf 156)

 وَمَآ اٰتَیْتُمْ مِّنْ زَکٰوۃٍ تُرِیْدُوْنَ وَجْہَ اللّٰہِ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ھُمُ الْمُضْعِفُوْنَ

Meaning: But the amount that you give as zakat, seeking (closeness and vision of) Allah’s Countenance, so it is they who multiply (Allah’s pleasure for them) manifold. (Ar-Rome 39)

 اِنَّ الَّذِیْنَ اٰمَنُوْا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ وَاَقَامُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ وَاٰتَوُا الزَّکٰوۃَ لَھُمْ اَجْرُھُمْ عِنْدَ رَبِّھِمْ ج وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَیْھِمْ وَلَا ھُمْ یَحْزَنُوْنَ۔

Meaning: Indeed, those who believe and do pious deeds and establish salat and give zakat, they have with their Lord a huge reward. There will be no fear concerning them nor shall they grieve. (Al-Baqarah 277)

[1] This is explained in the section, “Rate of Zakat”.

Emphasis on Paying Zakat in Hadiths

v  It is related by Abu Darda that the Holy Prophet said, “Zakat is the bridge of Islam.”(Tibrani)

 Abdullah bin Masood reported that the Holy Prophet said, “We have been ordered to offer salat and give zakat. Those who do not pay zakat, their salats are not accepted.” (Tibrani)

One who does not pay zakat on his wealth, on the Day of Judgment his wealth would convert into a serpent which would be put around his neck. (Tirmidhi)

Prophet Mohammad sall’Allahu alayhi wa’alihi wasallam said, “Protect your wealth by paying its zakat. Cure the sick by paying sadaqah and in times of difficulty seek help from Allah through salat and humility.”(Abu Dawood)

Jabir bin Abdullah related that the Holy Prophet said, “One who has paid the zakat, undoubtedly he got liberated from the evil of his wealth.” (Al-Hakim fi Al-Mustadrak, Tibrani)

Another tradition from Abu Huraira reports that the Holy Prophet said, “Indeed, one who has paid zakat upon his wealth, has fulfilled his obligation.” (Bukhari)

Ammar bin Hazm stated that the Holy Prophet said, “Allah has made four things obligatory in Islam. If a person does any three of them, they would do him no good unless he does the fourth one as well. The four things are; salat, zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan and pilgrimage of the Holy Kaaba.” (Musnad-e-Ahmed)

It has been reported by Abdullah bin Umar that the Holy Prophet said, “Whoever believes in Allah and His Messenger, should pay zakat on his wealth.” (Tibrani)

Aqalma has stated that the Holy Prophet said, “Your faith is incomplete unless you pay the (complete) zakat of your wealth.” (Tibrani)

 Ayesha bint Abu Bakr narrated that the Holy Prophet said, “If zakat is not given from the wealth and remains mixed in it, such wealth surely gets destroyed.”(Mishkat)

Nisab of Zakat

According to sharia, the minimum wealth on which the payment of zakat becomes due is known as nisab. The wealth can only be classified as nisab if it has remained under the possession and ownership of the person for an uninterrupted full year. The person on whom zakat becomes compulsory i.e. the person who possesses that minimum amount for a whole year is called sahib-e-nisab’. The nisab for different goods is different, as given below:

1.      7.5 tolas (87.22 gram) of gold in whichever form or an amount equivalent to its price.

2.      52.5 tolas (611 gram) of silver in whichever form or an amount equivalent to its price.

3.      The nisab of trading goods is that their value must be equivalent to 52 tolas of silver.

4.      The nisab of a camel is 5 camels.

5.      The nisab of cows and buffalos is thirty cows and buffalos.

6.      The nisab of sheep and cattle is forty sheep and cattle.

7.      There is no zakat on horses used as a ride.

8.      There is no zakat on the assets given on rent but there is zakat on the income earned through them.

The rate of zakat is 2.5% of the wealth. For detailed knowledge about the rate of zakat, books on sharia may be consulted or religious scholars may be inquired.

Warning on not Paying Zakat

The Quran and Hadiths contain severe warnings for those who do not pay zakat so much so that Allah counts such people amongst the polytheists.

  وَ وَیْلٌ لِّلْمُشْرِکِیْنَ  لا الَّذِیْنَ لَایُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ ۔

Meaning: And destruction awaits those who associate partners with Allah, it is they who refuse to pay zakat. (Ha-Meem As-Sajdah6,7)

It has been narrated that on the night of Miraj, the Holy Prophet saw a group of people who were barely covered with bits of cloth. They were grazing the hot and thorny bushes of hell like animals. The Holy Prophet inquired Gabriel about them. Gabriel replied, “They are the ones who refused to pay zakat. Allah did no cruelty to them. Indeed Allah is never cruel with His men.”(Bukhari, Muslim)

It has been related by Abu Huraira that the Holy Prophet said, “Whoever owns gold and silver and does not pay their rightful zakat, seven sheets of fire would be prepared for him on the Day of Judgment. These would be heated in the fire of hell and then his sides and back would be branded with them. His body would be broadened so that all the sheets would cover it fully. If the sheets would be larger, his body would be broadened accordingly. When the sheets would get cold, they would be heated again. This process would last the whole day whereby one day would be equal to fifty thousand years of earth. At last, the decision of every man would be taken justly and each would go to his destination, whether heaven or hell.”

Zakat of Dignity (Zakat e Haqeeqi)

The Quran and Hadiths repeatedly command to spend in the way of Allah just to please Him and out of His true love. Although, earning money lawfully through hard work has been appreciated at some places in Quran and Hadiths but accumulation of wealth is always condemned by Allah and His Prophet. Rather, it has been clearly ordered that the wealth which exceeds one’s personal and household necessities should be spent in the way of Allah. This spending in the way of Allah is known as ‘infaq-bil-afwu’. The Arabic word al-afwu means ‘the surplus’, hence infaq-bil-afwu means spending in the way of Allah whatever is surplus to one’s needs. The Quran states:

وَ یَسْئَلُوْنَکَ مَاذَا یُنْفِقُوْنَ ط قُلِ الْعَفْوَط۔

Meaning: (O’ Beloved!) They ask you about what they should spend (in the way of Allah). Say, (spend) whatever is surplus to you needs. (Al-Baqarah 219)

 Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas has written in the exegesis of this verse that al-afwu (the surplus) is that extra amount which is left after fulfilling the needs of your family.

 Abu Imama reported that the Holy Prophet said, “O’ son of Adam! It is better for you to spend (in the way of Allah) whatever you have surplus. If you will keep it with yourself, it will be harmful for you.”

Allah commanded the Holy Prophet that he should not make any such person his companion or friend who refuses to sacrifice his every possession in the way of Allah.

فَلَا تَتَّخِذُوْا مِنْھُمْ اَوْلِیَآءَ حَتّٰی یُھَاجِرُوْا فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ ط۔

Meaning: So do not make friends with (any of) them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah. (An-Nisa 89)

There are many verses in the Quran which emphasize upon donating in the way of Allah that exceeds one’s needs:

 الٓمّٓ ج  ذٰلِکَ الْکِتٰبُ لَا رَیْبَ ج فِیْہِ ج  ھُدًی لِّلْمُتَّقِیْنَ لا۔ الَّذِیْنَ یُؤْمِنُوْنَ بِالْغَیْبِ وَ یُقِیْمُوْنَ الصَّلٰوۃَ وَ مِمَّا رَزَقْنٰھُمْ یُنْفِقُوْنَ لا۔

Meaning: (Quran is) the glorious Book in which there is no doubt. (It is) a guidance for those who possess Taqwa (who guard against evil), those who believe in the unseen (inner world) and establish salat (consciously fulfilling all its requirements) and spend (in Our way) out of that which We have bestowed upon them. (Al-Baqarah 1-3)

 لَتُبْلَوُنَّ فِیْٓ اَمْوَالِکُمْ وَ اَنْفُسِکُمْق ف وَلَتَسْمَعُنَّ مِنَ الَّذِیْنَ اُوْتُوا الْکِتٰبَ مِنْ قَبْلِکُمْ وَمِنَ الَّذِیْنَ اَشْرَکُوْٓا اَذًی کَثِیْرًا ط وَاِنْ تَصْبِرُوْا وَتَتَّقُوْا فَاِنَّ ذٰلِکَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْاُمُوْرِ۔

Meaning: Assuredly you will be tested in your wealth and yourselves and you will have also to hear many torturing (taunts) from those who were given the Book before you and who are the polytheists. But if you remain patient and pious, then it is indeed a matter of great determination. (Aal-e-Imran186)

 وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْا مِنْ خَیْرٍ فَلاَِنْفُسِکُمْ ط وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْنَ اِلَّا ابْتِغآئَ وَجْہِ اللّٰہِ ط وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْا مِنْ خَیْرٍ یُّوَفَّ اِلَیْکُمْ وَاَنْتُمْ لَا تُظْلَمُوْنَ۔

Meaning: And whatever wealth you spend, it is for your own good and it is not appropriate for you to spend but for Allah’s pleasure alone. And whatever you spend (in the way of Allah), you shall be rewarded for it fully and you shall not be treated unjustly. (Al-Baqarah 272)

لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتّٰی تُنْفِقُوْا مِمَّا تُحِبُّوْنَ ط وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْا مِنْ شَیْئٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ بِہٖ عَلِیْمٌ۔

Meaning: You will never attain righteousness unless you spend (in the way of Allah) that which you love the most. And whatsoever you spend, Allah surely knows well. (Aal-e-Imran 92)

 وَاَنْفِقُوْا فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ وَلَا تُلْقُوْا بِاَیْدِیْکُمْ اِلَی التَّھْلُکَۃِ صلی ج وَاَحْسِنُوْاج اِنَّ اللّٰہَ یُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِیْنَ۔

Meaning: And spend in the way of Allah and do not cast yourselves into destruction with your own hands. And adopt righteousness. Verily, Allah loves the righteous. (Al-Baqarah 195)

مَنْ ذَا الَّذِیْ یُقْرِضُ اللّٰہَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَیُضٰعِفَہٗ لَہٗٓ اَضْعَافًا کَثِیْرَۃً ط وَاللّٰہُ یَقْبِضُ وَیَبْصُطُ ص وَاِلَیْہِ تُرْجَعُوْنَ۔

Meaning: Who would lend to Allah a beautiful loan so that He may increase it manifold? Allah withholds and grants. To Him shall you be returned. (Al-Baqarah 245)

وَمَا لَکُمْ اَلَّا تُنْفِقُوْا فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ وَلِلّٰہِ مِیْرَاثُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالْاَرْضِ ط

Meaning: And what has happened to you that you spend not in the way of Allah when unto Allah only belongs the ownership of the heavens and the earth. (Al-Hadeed 10)

 اِنَّ الْمُصَّدِّقِیْنَ وَالْمُصَّدِّقٰتِ وَاَقْرَضُوا اللّٰہَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا یُّضٰعَفُ لَھُمْ وَلَھُمْ اَجْرٌ کَرِیْمٌ۔

Meaning: Indeed! The men and women who give sadaqah (spend in the way of Allah) and those who lend to Allah a beautiful loan, it will be multiplied for them and they shall have the most noble reward. (Al-Hadeed 18)

   مَثَلُ الَّذِیْنَ یُنْفِقُوْنَ اَمْوَالَھُمْ فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ کَمَثَلِ حَبَّۃٍ اَنْبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِیْ کُلِّ سُنْبُلَۃٍ مِّائَۃُ حَبَّۃٍ ط وَاللّٰہُ یُضٰعِفُ لِمَنْ یَّشَآءُ ط وَاللّٰہُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِیْمٌ ۔

Meaning: The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is that of a grain out of which seven ears shoot forth. (And then) every ear bears a hundred grains (i.e. they are rewarded seven hundred times). Allah increases manifold for whom He likes. Allah is All-Embracing All-Knowing. (Al-Baqarah 261)

 وَاَنْفِقُوْا مِنْ مَّا رَزَقْنٰکُمْ مِّنْ قَبْلِ اَنْ یَّاْتِیَ اَحَدَکُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَیَقُوْلَ رَبِّ لَوْلَآ اَخَّرْتَنِیْٓ اِلٰٓی اَجَلٍ قَرِیْبٍلا فَاَصَّدَّقَ وَاَکُنْ مِّنَ الصّٰلِحِیْنَ۔

Meaning: And spend (in the way of Allah) from that which We have provided for you before death comes unto one of you and he says, “My Lord! Why did you not give me respite for a short while so that I could spend in your way and become one of the most pious?”(Al-Munafiqun 10)

اٰمِنُوْا بِاللّٰہِ وَرَسُوْلِہٖ وَاَنْفِقُوْ مِمَّا جَعَلَکُمْ مُّسْتَخْلَفِیْنَ فِیْہِ ط فَالَّذِیْنَ اٰمَنُوْا مِنْکُمْ وَاَنْفَقُوْ لَھُمْ اَجْرٌ کَبِیْرٌ ۔

Meaning: Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend (in the way of Allah) out of (that wealth) in which He has made you His vicegerents. Those who believe and spend in the way of Allah, for them is a mighty reward. (Al-Hadeed 7)

 یٰٓاَیُّھَا الَّذِیْنَ اٰمَنُوْٓا اَنْفِقُوْا مِمَّا رَزَقْنٰکُمْ مِّنْ قَبْلِ اَنْ یَّاْتِیَ یَوْمٌ لَّا بَیْعٌ فِیْہِ وَلَا خُلَّۃٌ وَّلَا شَفَاعَۃٌط۔

Meaning: O’ believers! Spend (in the way of Allah) out of that which We have provided to you before the day comes when there will be no trade, neither any friendship nor (any) intercession (will be useful). (Al-Baqarah 254)

 وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْا مِنْ شَیْئٍ فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ یُوَفَّ اِلَیْکُمْ وَاَنْتُمْ لَا تُظْلَمُوْنَ۔

Meaning: And whatever you spend in the way of Allah, it will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be done any injustice. (Al-Anfal 60)

 یَمْحَقُ اللّٰہُ الرِّبٰوا وَیُرْبِی الصَّدَقٰتِ ط

Meaning: Allah destroys usury and multiplies the sadaqat (whatever is donated in the way of Allah). (Al-Baqarah 276)

Order to Spend in the way of Allah in Hadiths

Abu Huraira related that the Holy Prophet said, “Spending in the way of Allah does not, in any way, decreases wealth (It keeps increasing sometimes in the form of increased income, sometimes in the form of benedictions or the reward from Allah which will be awarded in the hereafter).” (Muslim)

 Ali ibn Abi Talib related that the Holy Prophet said, “Hurry in donating in the way of Allah.”

According to Abu Huraira, the Holy Prophet told that Allah says, “O’ son of Adam! Spend upon pious deeds and I will spend upon you.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

 Abu Saeed narrated that the Holy Prophet said, “Spending one dirham (in the way of Allah) during one’s lifetime is better than donating a thousand dirhams near one’s death.” (Abu Dawood)

Asma bint Abu Bakr Siddiq related that the Holy Prophet said to her, “Spend (abundantly in the way of Allah) and do not count what you have spent in His way otherwise Allah would also keep account of what He has given you (and would not bless you infinitely) and do not try to keep your income saved otherwise Allah will also keep his blessings saved from you (He would bestow less upon you). Spend as much as possible.”(Kanz al-Ummal)

It was reported by Abu Huraira that the Holy Prophet said, “Whoever gives (in the way of Allah) equal to a date from his lawful earning, for Allah only accepts pure things, Allah will take it in His right hand and then raise it as any one of you raises his foal, until it becomes equal to a mountain.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

It was reported at the authority of Hasan of Basra that the Holy Prophet said, “Protect your wealth by giving zakat and treat your illnesses by giving sadaqah.” (Tibrani, Bayhaqi)

It has been related by Anas bin Malik that Prophet Mohammad sall’Allahu alayhi wa’alihi wasallam said, “Indeed, spending in the way of Allah cools down the wrath of Allah and protects against a cursed death.” (Tirmidhi)

Another Hadith states that on the Day of Judgment, everyone will remain under the shadow of all that he had spent (in the way of Allah) till the decision will be taken.

The Holy Prophet said that every morning, two angels descend on earth. One of them says, “O Allah! Give something as a reward to those who spend in your way.” The other angel prays, “O’ Allah! Destroy the wealth of those who withhold it.” (Mishkat al-Masabih)

The Holy Prophet said that one should hurry in giving sadaqah, certainly evil cannot overcome sadaqah. (Mishkat al-Masabih)

One Hadith reveals that spending in the way of Allah guards against seventy catastrophes, the most minor of which is illnesses such as leprosy and leucoderma. (Kanz al-Ummal)

It is stated in a Hadith, “You should protect yourself from worries and sorrows by spending in the way of Allah. Allah will avert the things which may harm you and will give you strength over the enemy.”(Kanz al-Ummal)

It has been related by Anas bin Malik that the Holy Prophet said, “Hurry in giving sadaqah, indeed evil cannot harm sadaqah (sadaqah becomes a shield for the person against evil).”

The Holy Prophet said, “O’ son of Adam! It is better for you to spend whatever is surplus to your needs in the way of Allah. And if you withhold it then it would not do you any good. Although, keeping the amount that would fulfill your needs is not reproachable.” (Muslim, Mishkat al-Masabih)

Uqba related the tradition that he was offering Asr (afternoon) prayer behind the Holy Prophet. The Prophet, soon after completing the prayer, stood up and hastily left to one of his wives’ home. People became surprised and worried to see the Holy Prophet leaving in such a manner. When the Holy Prophet returned, he sensed the astonishment of people and said, “I recalled a piece of gold which was left at home, since I do not approve that (death approaches me in a state that a piece of gold is in my possession and I am held accountable for it on the Day of Judgment and) I am stopped due to it so I went hastily to spend it in the way of Allah.” (Bukhari, Mishkat al-Masabih)

 Ayesha bint Abu Bakr related, “During the illness of the Holy Prophet, someone gave about six or seven gold coins. The Prophet ordered me to give them in the way of Allah immediately. I was so occupied due to the illness of Holy Prophet that I could not get time to spend them in the way of Allah. After some time, he asked me, “Have you distributed those gold coins among the needy?” I replied, “I could not get enough time due to your illness.” He said, “Bring them here.” He took them in his hand and said, “What would be the state of the Messenger of Allah if he meets his Lord while holding these?”(Mishkat al-Masabih)

According to a tradition from Umm-e-Salma, “Once the Holy Prophet came and his face seemed quite withered. I assumed that he must be a little unwell. I inquired, “O’ Prophet of Allah! Why does your face seem so pale? Are you not feeling well?” He replied, “Last night I received seven dinars and they are still placed at the corner of the bed.” (Ahya al-Uloom)

According to the command of Allah and His Messenger, hoarding the wealth which is more than the amount which meets the basic requirements of oneself and one’s dependents is the cause of great torment whereas spending in the way of Allah without dissimulation results in gaining the pleasure of Allah and is infact the zakat of dignity (zakat-e-haqeeqi).

Spending in the way of Allah from Husband’s Wealth 

Ayesha bint Abu Bakr related that the Holy Prophet said, “When a woman gives in the way of Allah from the meal for her family in such a way that the remaining is enough for the family, then she is rewarded for it and her husband is also rewarded because he earned the money for it and similar is the reward for the one who arranged (cooked) the meal and the reward of none of the three would be lessened due to one another.”(Mishkat al-Masabih)

This Hadith covers two subjects; wife’s donating in the way of Allah and about the guardian, treasurer and the one who arranges things. Both the topics have been frequently addressed in the Hadiths. One of the Rashidun Caliphs related that the Holy Prophet said, “The woman who spends in the way of Allah from her husband’s income without asking her husband, is rewarded half of what she might have gotten otherwise.” (Mishkat al-Masabih)

 Abu Saeed related that once the Holy Prophet took oath of allegiance from a certain group. A considerably tall woman stood up, it seemed that she belonged to the tribe of Mudhar (people of that tribe must be known to be tall) and said, “O’ Prophet! We (women) are dependent upon our fathers, upon our children and upon our husbands. What are we allowed to take from them?” The Holy Prophet replied, “You can eat the food which is fresh and also give (the food which may rot if it is not used) to others.”(Mishkat al-Masabih)

The Holy Prophet said, “Allah allows three men to enter Paradise due to one bite of food or one handful of dates given in the way of Allah. One is the owner of the house i.e. the husband who earned it, second is the wife who cooked that meal and third is the servant who went and handed it over to the beggar.” (Kanz al-Ummal)

Asma bint Abu Bakr asked the Holy Prophet, “O Prophet! I do not have anything except that which my husband Zubair gives me. Can I spend in the way of Allah from it?” The Holy Prophet replied, “Spend abundantly (in the way of Allah) and do not withhold, otherwise your livelihood would also be withheld.” (Kanz al-Ummal)

Warning on not Spending in the way of Allah

Allah has strictly warned those who refuse to spend in the way of Allah or display covetousness when it comes to paying zakat. Allah says in the Quran:

 ؕ وَ لَا یَحۡسَبَنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ یَبۡخَلُوۡنَ بِمَاۤ اٰتٰہُمُ اللّٰہُ مِنۡ فَضۡلِہٖ ہُوَ خَیۡرًا لَّہُمۡ ؕ بَلۡ ہُوَ شَرٌّ  لَّہُمۡ ؕ سَیُطَوَّقُوۡنَ مَا بَخِلُوۡا بِہٖ یَوۡمَ الۡقِیٰمَۃِ

Meaning: And those who (covetously) hoard up that which Allah has bestowed upon them out of His bounty, must never consider this miserliness of any benefit for themselves, rather, it is injurious for them. Soon, the wealth which they hoard miserly (and do not spend in the way of Allah) will be put around (their necks) like a neck fetter, on the Day of Judgment. (Aal-e-Imran180)

 اِنَّ اللّٰہَ لَا یُحِبُّ مَنۡ  کَانَ  مُخۡتَالًا  فَخُوۡرَا لا الَّذِیۡنَ یَبۡخَلُوۡنَ وَ یَاۡمُرُوۡنَ النَّاسَ بِالۡبُخۡلِ وَ یَکۡتُمُوۡنَ مَاۤ اٰتٰہُمُ اللّٰہُ مِنۡ فَضۡلِہٖ ؕ وَ اَعۡتَدۡنَا لِلۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ  عَذَابًا مُّہِیۡنًا۔

Meaning: Indeed! Allah does not like the one who is arrogant and boastful. Those, who (miserly) hoard their wealth and enjoin others to do the same and hide that which Allah has bestowed upon them of His bounty. And We have prepared for the disbelievers, a disgraceful chastisement. (An-Nisa 36, 37)

 وَالَّذِیْنَ یَکْنِزُوْنَ الذَّھَبَ وَالْفِضَّۃَ وَلَایُنْفِقُوْنَھَا فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ لا فَبَشِّرْھُمْ بِعَذَابٍ اَلِیْمٍ لا یَّوْمَ یُحْمٰی عَلَیْھَا فِیْ نَارِ جَھَنَّمَ فَتُکْوٰی بِھَا جِبَاھُھُمْ وَجُنُوبُھُمْ وَظُہُوْرُھُمْ ط ھٰذَا مَا کَنَزْتُمْ لِاَنْفُسِکُمْ فَذُوْ قُوْا مَا کُنْتُمْ تَکْنِزُوْنَ۔

Meaning: And those who hoard gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, warn them of a painful chastisement. The day when this (gold and silver) would be heated in the fire of hell and their foreheads, their sides and their backs would be cauterized with this. (And it will be said to them) “This is what you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste (this wealth) which you had been amassing.”(At-Tawbah 34,35)

Zakat of Sharia is Obligatory but Zakat of Dignity is Sunna

The Quran and Hadith openly declare that zakat of sharia has been commanded by Allah as an obligation upon the Muslims but the Holy Prophet never owned wealth equivalent to nisab, hence he never paid the zakat of sharia. He immediately spent in the way of Allah whatever he had surplus to his needs and this is the zakat of dignity, which is although not obligatory but Sunna of the Holy Prophet. He deliberately spent all the money which was above the basic necessities rather than saving it and becoming a sahib-e-nisab. Thus, following the example of the Prophet, the best way of spending in the way of Allah is to spend all the money which is left after one’s basic requirements such as food, shelter and clothing for oneself and one’s family, are met. This is zakat-e-haqeeqi i.e. the zakat of dignity which holds way more value and is far more desirable than zakat of sharia.

Sunna of the Rashidun Caliphs and Sacred Companions

Abu Bakr Siddiq

When Abu Bakr Siddiq accepted Islam, he had forty thousand gold coins in his possession which he spent in the way of Allah. The Quran appreciates him on donating all his wealth in the way of Allah in these words:

 وَ  سَیُجَنَّبُہَا  الۡاَتۡقَی لا الَّذِیۡ یُؤۡتِیۡ مَالَہٗ یَتَزَکّٰی جوَ مَا لِاَحَدٍ عِنۡدَہٗ  مِنۡ نِّعۡمَۃٍ  تُجۡزٰۤی لا اِلَّا ابۡتِغَآءَ  وَجۡہِ  رَبِّہِ الۡاَعۡلٰی ج وَ  لَسَوۡفَ یَرۡضٰی ع۔

Meaning: Saved (from the fire) would be the pious one who spends in the way of Allah to attain purity (of his soul). And who owes no favour to anyone that he is seeking to pay back. Rather (he spends) seeking the pleasure of his Lord-Most High. Soon, he will be very pleased. (Al-Layl 17-21)

At the time of Tabuk expedition, Abu Bakr presented everything that he had to the Holy Prophet. When the Holy Prophet inquired him that what he had left for his family, he replied, “Allah and His Messenger (i.e. their goodwill and pleasure).”

The Holy Prophet said, “No one’s wealth has helped me more than the wealth of Abu Bakr Siddiq.”

At the time of Abu Bakr’s funeral, his shroud was made from an old piece of cloth. With regard to zakat, he said:

Ø  “2.5% of every hundred dirhams is the zakat of the misers and the seekers of the world but for the truthfuls, zakat means to give everything in the way of Allah.”

He also said, “Present your sadaqah to a Fakir[1]with respect and humility because giving it with happiness is a symbol of its acceptance by Allah.”

 Umar ibn Khattab

At the Tabuk expedition, when the Holy Prophet was collecting donations, Umar ibn Khattab presented half of his wealth. During the period of his caliphate, he only had one dress to wear.  Abdullah bin Abbas related that once he went to Umar and found him going somewhere on his horse, he also went along.  Umar was clad in a traditional long shirt and a leg sheet which was clinging to his shins (because either it had shrunk due to frequent washing or was a little wet).  Abdullah bin Abbas asked him why it was so. He replied that it was because he only had that one dress which takes time to dry after he washes it.

 Ali ibn Abi Talib revealed that he saw thirty-one patches of leather and one patch of cloth sewn upon Umar’s dress. These were the personalities who grew under the benevolent shadow of the Prophet of Allah and never let zakat of sharia become obligatory upon themselves by spending everything in the way of Allah.

 Usman ibn Affan

When he accepted Islam, he was the wealthiest among the Muslims. However, immediately after embracing Islam, he dedicated all his wealth for the cause of Allah. He was always ready to present his wealth to his beloved Prophet whenever needed, whether it was the Tabuk expedition or the draught of Madina or purchase of the land for Masjid al-Nabwi and the well of sweet water for Muslims in Madina or expenditures of the wives of the Holy Prophet for hajj. His contribution in terms of donations for Islam was immense. He sacrificed all his possessions in the way of Allah and when he was martyred, his only asset was a camel which he had saved just to travel to perform pilgrimage.

 Ali ibn Abi Talib

 Ali ibn Abi Talib and his family never had a single proper meal. Whenever he got any money, he immediately spent it in the way of Allah.  Ali said:

 فَمَا وَجَبَتْ عَلَیَّ زَکٰوۃُ مَالِ

وَھَلُ تَجِبُ الزَّکٰوۃُ عَلَی جَوَّادِ

Meaning: Zakat has never been obligatory upon me. How can zakat become incumbent upon a generous person!

Other Companions

The zakat of sharia never became compulsory upon any of the Companions of Holy Prophet because they never became sahib-e-nisab i.e. they never possessed that amount upon which zakat of sharia becomes obligatory. They spent in the way of Allah whatever they got above their basic needs, sometimes even neglecting their basic requirements. Hence, they had always been giving zakat-e-haqeeqi i.e. the zakat of dignity which never let zakat of sharia become compulsory for them.

[1] Fakirs are those men of Allah who travel the path of Faqr and reach its final level i.e. Oneness with Allah. Faqr is the Divine path which leads to vision and union of Allah.

Zakat of Dignity and Fakirs

According to Muslim bin Yesar, similar to salat, zakat is also of two types i.e. obligatory (farz) and supererogatory (nafl). Quran has discussed both. (Dur-e-Manshoor)

Someone asked a particular Saint that how much zakat should be paid and on what amount. The Saint replied that for those who follow sharia, five dirhams from every two hundred dirhams i.e. fortieth part of the whole but for people like us, it is compulsory that the entire amount should be given as zakat. (Ahya al-Uloom)

 Sufis believe the zakat of dignity to be superior because even though zakat of sharia is a religious obligation, it is given after accumulating a particular amount of wealth and has fixed limits. The zakat of dignity, on the other hand, has no limits and is paid without hoarding any wealth. Allah is the Giver of boundless bounties and the Mystics adopt His ways and consider them superior.

 Data Ganj Bakhsh Ali bin Usman al-Hajveri stated:

Zakat, which is related to the blessings (wealth) of this world, is not desirable or praise worthy for the Saints. This is because greed is forbidden for the seekers of Allah. When somebody keeps two hundred dirhams in his possession and withholds it for over a year and then gives five dirhams from it as a zakat of sharia then such a behavior is termed as miserliness according to the Sufis. Saints are known for generosity, beneficence and spending (in the way of Allah) so how can zakat be compulsory for those who accumulate nothing.” (Kashf-ul-Mahjub/Revelation of the Veiled)

It has been stated in Kashf-ul-Mahjub that a certain formal theologian, for the sake of challenging Abu Bakr Shibli, asked him that what amount ought to be given as zakat. He replied, “If a person is covetous and has hoarded wealth, then he should pay five dirhams out of every two hundred dirhams and half a dinar out of every twenty dinars according to your doctrine. My doctrine, however, is that one should not own anything so that he is relieved from giving zakat. The theologian asked, “What authority do you follow in this regard?” Shibli replied, “The authority of Abu Bakr Siddiq who presented everything that he possessed to the Holy Prophet and when he was asked that what he had left behind for his family, he answered, Allah and His Messenger.’ ”

Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, in his book Sir-ul-Asrar, has explained three types of zakat i.e. zakat-e-sharia (zakat of sharia), zakat-e-tariqa (zakat of mysticism) and zakat-e-haqiqa (zakat of dignity):

Zakat of sharia is that which is paid once every year according to the prescribed rate of nisab to the deserving. Zakat of mysticism is that one requests Allah to grant the reward of one’s good deeds to the Fakirs and Masakeen[1] and this form of zakat has been called sadaqah in the Quran. As Allah says:

 اِنَّمَا الصَّدَقٰتُ لِلۡفُقَرَآء۔

Meaning: Indeed, sadaqat are for the Fakirs. (At-Tawbah 60)

The verse indicates that giving sadaqat to the Saints actually means giving them to Allah and through this channel the acceptance of sadaqah in the court of Allah gets confirmed.

In mysticism, zakat changes its form because it is the sadaqah of one’s rewards instead of wealth. Hence, this zakat is spiritual and eternal. The giver of this zakat also presents the reward of his good deeds to the sinner(s) of the umma of his beloved Prophet, so that no reward is left for his own self. Such an act of generosity is so much adored by Allah that He forgives all the mistakes of the giver done while giving sadaqah, fasting, offering prayers or during any form of devotion to Allah. The zakat of mysticism makes the giver of zakat more destitute as he is left with no blessing or reward related to this world or the hereafter. Surely, Allah adores such destitution and generosity as the Holy Prophet has said:

اَلْمُفْلِسُ فِیْ اَمَانِ اللّٰہِ تَعَالٰی فِی الدَّارَیْنِ۔

Meaning: The destitute remains in the protection of Allah in both the worlds.

Rabia of Basra prayed:

 اِلٰھِیْ مَا کَانَ نَصِیْبِیْ مِنَ الدُّنْیَا فَاَعْطِہُ لِلْکَافِرِیْنَ وَمَا کَانَ نَصِیْبِیْ مِنَ الْعُقْبٰی فَاَعْطِہُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ فَلاَ اُرِیْدُ مِنَ الدُّنْیَا اِلاَّ ذِکْرَکَ وَلاَ مِنَ الْعُقْبٰی اِلاَّ رُؤْیَتَکَ۔

Meaning: O Lord! Whatever is my share in this world, give it to the disbelievers; whatever is my share in the hereafter, give it to the believers because I want nothing in this world except to stay engrossed in your remembrance and in the hereafter, I desire nothing except Your vision.

Hence, ideally a person must sacrifice everything for the love of Allah and Allah would favour him ten times more in the hereafter. Indeed, the true lovers burn every possession in the fire of their love for Allah. Allah Himself says in the Quran:

 ۚ مَنۡ جَآءَ بِالۡحَسَنَۃِ فَلَہٗ عَشۡرُ اَمۡثَالِہَا

Meaning: Whoever brings (on the Day of Judgment) one good deed will have to his credit (as a reward) ten more like it. (Al-Inam160)

This form of zakat also purifies the inward from the desires and attributes of the inciting self, as Allah says:

 ۙ قَدۡ  اَفۡلَحَ  مَنۡ  زَکّٰىہَا۔

Meaning: Indeed, he who purifies himself, gains success. (Ash-Shams 9)

Allah also says:

 ؕ مَنۡ ذَا الَّذِیۡ یُقۡرِضُ اللّٰہَ  قَرۡضًا حَسَنًا فَیُضٰعِفَہٗ لَہٗۤ اَضۡعَافًا کَثِیۡرَۃً

Meaning: Who is he that will lend Allah a generous loan, so that He may increase it manifold? (Al-Baqarah 245)

In this context, ‘loan’ refers to sacrificing one’s wealth and good deeds without anyone’s request and purely out of the love of Allah to favour His creation. Allah says:

 ۙ  لَا تُبۡطِلُوۡا صَدَقٰتِکُمۡ بِالۡمَنِّ وَ الۡاَذٰی ۔

Meaning: Do not invalidate your sadaqat by taunts of doing favour and hurting feelings. (Al-Baqarah 264)

A person must not seek worldly gains as the reward of his donations in the way of Allah. Allah declares;

لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتّٰی تُنْفِقُوْامِمَّا تُحِبُّوْنَ۔

Meaning: You will never attain righteousness unless you spend (in the way of Allah) that which you love the most. (Aal-e-Imran 92)

Righteousness and nearness to Allah can only be achieved if love of everything is sacrificed for the love of Allah.

 Imam Ghazali reveals the secret of zakat of dignity in these words:

One must understand that just like salat, zakat also has a body and a soul i.e. it is both a physical as well as spiritual form of worship. One who fails to acknowledge the spiritual reality of zakat, his zakat remains superficial. Zakat has three aspects:

Firstly, the creation ought to love its Creator and every Muslim claims to love Allah but the real meaning of loving Allah is making Him one’s priority and not holding anything dearer than Him. As Allah says:

قُلْ اِنْ کَانَ اٰبَآؤُکُمْ وَ اَبْنَآؤُکُمْ وَاِخْوَانُکُمْ وَاَزْوَاجُکُمْ وَعَشِیْرَتُکُمْ وَاَمْوَالُنِ اقْتَرَفْتُمُوْھَا وَتِجَارَۃٌ تَخْشَوْنَ کَسَادَھَا وَمَسَاکِنُ تَرْضَوْنَھَآ اَحَبَّ اِلَیْکُمْ مِّنَ اللّٰہِ وَرَسُوْلِہٖ وَجِہَادٍ فِیْ سَبِیْلِہٖ فَتَرَبَّصُوْا حَتّٰی یَاْتِیَ اللّٰہُ بِاَمْرِہٖ ط وَاللّٰہُ لَا یَھْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْفٰسِقِیْنَ۔

Meaning: (O’ Mohammad!) Say (to them); If your fathers (and forefathers) and your sons (and daughters) and your brothers (and sisters) and your wives and your relatives and the wealth that you have earned (so hard) and the trade and business which you fear may decline and the homes you are so fond of are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His way, then wait until Allah executes bring His command (of torment) and Allah does not guide the disobedient. (At-Tawbah 24)

Every true believer claims that he loves Allah more than anyone or anything else and he genuinely feels that he is true to his claim. However, one must be asked to provide evidence (even for self-evaluation) to prove one’s love for Allah so that no one becomes arrogant upon one’s false claim. The riches of this world are very alluring and one of the most loved things by man. Hence, it becomes a trial for him and Allah challenges, “If you are truthful in your claim of love then, for the sake of your relationship with Allah, sacrifice only this one beloved of yours.” Those who comprehend the meaning of these words are classified into three categories;

The most elevated payers of zakat are the truthful i.e. those who sacrifice everything. They follow the footsteps of Abu Bakr Siddiq and give everything for their love and loyalty towards Allah. For them, paying the fixed amount of zakat (five of every two hundred dirham) is just miserliness. They hold it obligatory upon themselves to donate all their wealth and possessions in the way of Allah. Their generosity and sacrifice is a reflection of Abu Bakr who donated all that he owned and when asked by the Holy Prophet that what he had left for his family, he simply replied, “Allah and His Messenger”.

Second are those who pay half of what they own as zakat.  Umar ibn Khattab belongs to this category because he brought half of his wealth to give in the way of Allah and when asked by the Holy Prophet that what he had left for his family, he replied, “Equivalent to what I have brought here.” The Holy Prophet said, “Your[2] words reflect your spiritual levels.”This group is always willing to spend in the way of Allah and donate to the Fakirs but do not have the courage to spend their wealth all at once. They consider themselves equal to the dervishes and when a dervish comes to them, they not only donate to him but treat him like a part of their family.

The third category is of those who strictly follow the rate of nisab while paying zakat. To them, zakat is like any other religious obligation that has to be met only because it has been ordered by Allah. They free themselves from the responsibility by paying zakat at the prescribed rate and do not believe in paying more than that or benefitting the dervishes from their wealth. Their approach is very calculated and limited. This is the lowest level of those who pay zakat.

On the other hand, one who is blessed with wealth by Allah but refuses to pay even the minimum amount of zakat in the way of Allah, is utterly deprived of the friendship and love of Allah. Those who do not pay a single penny above the prescribed rate and just pay the calculated amount of zakat are indeed misers and are wrong in their claim of love for Allah.

The second dimension of zakat is that it purifies the heart from covetousness which is the most undesirable thing that keeps a person away from Allah. The heart cannot be liberated from the greed of hoarding wealth and holding onto worldly things unless one sacrifices everything in the way of Allah out of pure intention and love. Zakat is the spiritual purification ritual of the soul as ablution is for the body. It washes away the filth of greed from the soul. That is why, the Holy Prophet and his family were not allowed to take zakat and sadaqah[3] from others so that they were kept safe from the filth of people’s wealth.

The third aspect of zakat is that it inculcates the feeling of gratitude within the giver of zakat. Since, wealth is also one of the blessings of Allah which makes life of a Muslim easy and happy, so he should be thankful to Allah for this blessing. Just as offering salat, fasting and performing hajj are a way to thank Allah for the blessing of physical body and its health, similarly, paying zakat is a way to thank Allah for the blessing of material wealth. When a true believer, who has enough of this blessing, finds anyone from his brethren in a financially miserable condition, he should not look down upon him and should immediately tell himself, “Just like me, he is also a slave of Allah. It is His beneficence that He has made me self-sufficient and made him dependent upon me. So I should treat him with kindness, for it maybe my trial and if I fail, our positions may get reversed.” It is essential to understand the depth and concept behind zakat so that this act of worship does not remain worthless. (Kimya-e-Saadat/The Alchemy of Happiness)

Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti wrote a unique treatise on mysticism called Asrar-e-Haqeeqi which in fact is a letter to his spiritual successor Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. This treatise includes a special conversation between Prophet Mohammad and Umar ibn Khattab wherein the secrets and realities behind different forms of obligatory prayers have been revealed. Regarding zakat, he addresses Umar, “O’ Umar! In terms of sharia, it is obligatory to pay five of every two hundred dinars as a zakat. According to mysticism, only those five dinars should be kept and the rest of amount should essentially be given as zakat. However, remember that zakat is binding only upon those who are free and not upon the slaves. A person cannot be counted amongst the free as long as he is enslaved by the desires of his self, so zakat (of dignity) cannot be obligatory upon him. To be able to pay the zakat of dignity, such a person must first liberate himself from the slavery of his own desires.

Further, zakat is only compulsory for those who are adults and are sane, not upon minors or those who have an unstable mental condition. According to the perfect Mystics, a person who cultivates ignorance and remains surrounded by the demons of his own lustful and evil desires is a fool and insane. Hence, how can such a person be entitled to pay the zakat of dignity! Sanity, stability of mind and freedom from self are acquired through the gnosis of Allah which is only possible if one sets himself free from the shackles of ignorance and satan.

Zakat, as a financial form of alms-giving, is part of sharia with the fundamental concept of maintaining a balance in the economic system where the rich, rather than hoarding money, give part of it to the less fortunate so they are able to meet their basic needs. (This simultaneously has a social significance where the moral conscience stirs up to make a sacrifice encouraging brotherhood and discouraging the concentration of wealth in few hands, hence giving purchasing power to the poor.) O’ Umar!  No one except the perfect Mystic knows about the real divine treasure. The real treasure is, infact, the secret of Lordship which is present in the hearts of the Mystics. It is an obligation upon them to give zakat of the wealth of secrets of Allah out of their real treasure which is to guide the depraved and ignorant towards Allah because zakat actually is to give the deserving their right.” (Asrar-e-Haqeeqi)

[1]Masakeen is plural of  Miskeen which literally means “indigent” but mystically it refers to the Saints and Friends of Allah who always stay with Allah spiritually.

[2]Referring to both Abu Bakr Siddiq and Umar ibn Khattab at the Tabuk expedition when donations were being collected.

[3] Here sadaqah refers to that amount which is given in the way of Allah to avert diseases and calamities.

Principles of Zakat of Sharia and Zakat of Dignity

1.      The foremost principle of zakat of sharia and zakat of dignity as well as other forms of sadaqah is that they must be paid as soon as possible and must not be delayed so that it may manifest the spirit of enthusiasm and urge to spend in the way of Allah. This is also to avoid satanic whispers to creep into one’s heart. It has been narrated by the disciple of Abu al-Hassan al-Bushanji that once Abu al-Hassan al-Bushanji was in the toilet and it suddenly came into his mind that a particular Fakir was in need of a shirt so he immediately took off his own shirt and ordered his disciple to go and give that shirt to the Fakir. Somebody inquired al-Bushanji that why he did not wait till he came out of the toilet. He replied that he feared that his intention might have changed till then. (RisalaQushayriyya/Al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism)

2.      Zakat should ideally be given secretly so that sincerity is maintained and it does not become an act of pretence and hypocrisy. Allah says in the Quran:

اِنْ تُبْدُوا الصَّدَقٰتِ فَنِعِمَّا ھِیَ ج وَاِنْ تُخْفُوْھَا وَتُؤْتُوْھَا الْفُقَرَآءَ فَھُوَ خَیْرٌ لَّکُمْ ط وَیُکَفِّرُ عَنْکُمْ مِّنْ سَیِّاٰتِکُمْ ط

Meaning: If you give sadaqah in public, then it is well (for it will persuade others) but if you hide it and give it to the Fakirs secretly then it is better for you and will atone for some of your ill-deeds.”(Al-Baqarah 271)

According to a Hadith, the sadaqah which is given secretly, cools down the wrath of Allah. Another quite notable Hadith is, “On the Day of Judgment, seven (kinds of) people would be under the shadow of the Divine Throne; a just ruler; a person who gives sadaqah and conceals it (to such an extent) that his right hand does not know what his left has given….”

3.      If a person finds himself perfectly free from any sign of hypocrisy due to the beneficence of his spiritual guide, then it is encouraged that such a person should give sadaqah openly so that other people are persuaded to do the same. Only such a person should give sadaqah openly because his desire would only be to find closeness of Allah and not to get praise, fame or publicity (even if he gets it).

4.      Once a person has given sadaqah and zakat, neither should he consider himself above others nor should he behave as if he has favoured anyone. He should, in fact, be grateful to Allah that He bestowed him with so much that he is in a position to give part of it in charity as well. None of this would have been possible had Allah not provided him with that wealth and the opportunity to spend it in His way. Hence, it is the result of favour of Allah only. Allah says in the Quran, ۙ لَا تُبۡطِلُوۡا صَدَقٰتِکُمۡ بِالۡمَنِّ وَ الۡاَذٰی which means “Do not invalidate your sadaqat by making taunts of favour and hurting feelings.”

5.      The giver of zakat must not think that its recipient is inferior to him in any way although it is said in a Hadith,  اَلْیَدُ الْعُلْیَا خَیْرٌ مِّنْ یَدِ السُّفْلٰیwhich means “The upper hand is better than the lower hand (the upper being the one which gives and the lower one which takes).”As, it is purely Allah’s decision that whose hand He chooses to make the upper one and whose the lower one.

6.      The Holy Prophet said, “The sadaqah of one dirham which is given with sincerity and purity of intention becomes heavier than the thousand dirhams given without pure intention.” While giving sadaqah, one should give the best part of one’s wealth. If a person deliberately gives inferior things as sadaqah, it means he is actually presenting inferior part of his provision to Allah. This is utter miserliness and an indication of selfishness. Hence, the best part should be presented to Allah and the inferior should be kept for oneself. Any form of spending in the way of Allah should only be for the sake of Allah with the pure intention of pleasing Him.

Zakat is Obligatory Upon Everything

It is good to understand that zakat is not only obligatory upon one’s wealth but on everything which is possessed by any individual, although, it becomes obligatory only after the possession of a certain quantity which varies for everything. For instance, the zakat of health and well-being is that one’s body should be used in the worship of one’s Lord and to serve His men. Prophet Mohammad sall’Allahu alayhi wa’alihi wasallam said, اِنَّ اللّٰہ تعالٰی فرض علیکم زکٰوۃ جاھکم کما فرض علیکم  زکٰوۃ مَالکم meaning: “Allah has made the zakat of your status obligatory upon you just as He has made the zakat of your wealth obligatory upon you.” He added,  اِن لِکُلِّ شیئٍ زکوٰۃ الدار بیت الفیافۃ meaning:  “Indeed, there is zakat for everything and zakat of a house is its guest-room.” Similarly, the zakat for knowledge is to pass it on to others. The zakat for one’s status and power is that he forbids others to do wrong, orders to do good and exhorts to acquire the gnosis of Allah. Hence, zakat is basically to spend for the betterment of other people, from what Allah has given according to one’s affordability out of gratitude for Allah for His countless provisions. Zakat can also be seen as an act which benefits both the giver and the recipient. The giver gets rid of miserliness and covetousness, becomes grateful to Allah for all that he has, whereas the recipient finds ease in his financial difficulties. In this way, zakat is not only a means of spiritual purification but also a social benefit for all.

The Recipients of Zakat (Masarif-e-Zakat)

Whether it is zakat of sharia or zakat of dignity, the category of people who deserve it remains the same. The recipients of zakat are known as masarif i.e. those who should be given zakat or sadaqah in any form. The masarif of zakat and sadaqah have been clearly mentioned in the Quran in these words:

 اِنَّمَا الصَّدَقٰتُ لِلْفُقَرَآءِ وَالْمَسٰکِیْنِ وَالْعٰمِلِیْنَ عَلَیْھَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَۃِ قُلُوْبُھُمْ وَ فِی الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِیْنَ وَفِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ وَابْنِ السَّبِیْلِ ط فَرِیْضَۃً مِّنَ اللّٰہِ ط وَاللّٰہُ عَلِیْمٌ حَکِیْمٌ۔

Meaning: “Indeed sadaqah is for Fakirs, Masakeen and for Amileen (those deployed to collect zakat), those in whose hearts the inculcation of love for Islam is aimed at, and to free the captives and remove the burden of debtors and (those who toil hard) in the way of Allah and for the wayfarers. This has been prescribed by Allah. Allah, the All-Knower, the Most Wise.”(At-Tawbah 60)

The above verse describes eight categories of people who are entitled to receive sadaqah and zakat, of which Fakirs are the foremost.

1.     لِلْفُقَرَآءِ For the Fakirs: In the enlightened perspective of Holy Quran, Fakir refers to the perfect Saint i.e. one who is annihilated in Allah (fana fillah) as described in sura Al-Baqarah:

 لِلْفُقَرَآءِ الَّذِیْنَ اُحْصِرُوْا فِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ لَا یَسْتَطِیْعُوْنَ ضَرْبًا فِی الْاَرْضِ ج  یَحْسَبُھُمُ الْجَاھِلُ اَغْنِیَآءَ مِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ ج تَعْرِفُھُمْ بِسِیْمٰھُمْ لَا یَسْئَلُوْنَ النَّاسَ اِلْحَافًاط وَمَا تُنْفِقُوْا مِنْ خَیْرٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ  بِہٖ عَلِیْمٌ۔

Meaning: Sadaqah is for those Fakirs (who have sacrificed and dedicated their lives in the way of Allah, those) who have been restricted (from earning their livelihood) in the cause of Allah. They cannot even move about in the land (due to their full time involvement in matters of religion). Because of their aversion to greed, people (knowing not about their state of heart and soul) consider them wealthy. You will recognize them from their appearance. They do not ask people (for help) at all lest they should humble themselves (before them). And whatever you spend in the way of Allah, Allah knows it the best. (Al-Baqarah 273)

v  According to a Hadith of the Holy Prophet related by Abu Huraira, “Fakirs will enter paradise five hundred years before the rich.”[1](Tirmidhi, Ibn-e-Majah)

v  Another Hadith states that the Holy Prophet said, “Keep the company of Fakirs and oblige them as much as possible because they are very rich.” Someone questioned the Holy Prophet, “What is in their possession that makes them rich?” He answered, “On the Day of Judgment, Allah would say to them, ‘Whoever fed you, gave you to drink or to wear, you can take him to paradise with you’.”

v  According to a Hadith, Allah would apologize from the Fakir the way we humans do. He would say, “I swear by My Power and Wrath! I did not keep (the luxuries of) the world away from you because I looked down upon you but it was because I wanted to keep all your reward saved for this special day. O’ my beloved slave! Go to the dwellers of hell. Whoever amongst them fed you or clothed you for My sake, he belongs to you.”The faces of the people of hell would be covered in perspiration to the extent that it would be difficult to recognize them but the Fakir would immediately recognize those who did any good to him in the world and would take them to paradise.”(Riaz al-Rayaheen)

v  A Hadith says that on the Day of Judgment, it would be announced, “Where are the ones who respected and obliged the Fakirs and Masakeen? Today, they can enter the paradise without sorrow or fear.” (Kanz al-Ummal)

v  According to a Hadith, Allah would announce on the Day of Judgment, “Where are the Fakirs of the umma of Prophet Mohammad. Get up and search for those people who gave you one bite of food, one drop of water or new clothes to wear only for My sake and take them to paradise with you.” The Fakirs from the umma of Prophet Mohammad would hold their hands and say, “O Allah! This person gave me food, that person gave me to drink.”In this way, all the Fakirs of umma of Prophet Mohammad, whether high ranked or low ranked, will take with them all those who obliged them in any way in the world. (Kanz al-Ummal)

It is written in Al-Qushayri’s epistle on Sufism;

v  Faqr is the way of Saints of Allah and the ornament of chosen ones. Allah has liked it for His special men i.e. Prophets and Saints. Fakirs are the people whom Allah has specially chosen and appointed among His men. Among all the creation, only they can bear the secrets of Allah. It is due to them that Allah protects other creations and provides them with sustenance and shelter. The Fakir who adopts patience would be the companion of Allah on the Day of Judgment.

Sultan Bahoo has said:

v  Fakir is the secret of Lordship. (Qurb-e-Deedar)

v  The Fakir, who possesses love of Allah in his heart, is the secret of Allah. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)

v  Perfect Fakir is the one who has become desirable in the court of Allah and ever remains present in the Mohammadan Assembly. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)

v  Follow the commandments of the Fakirs as their opposition leads to disgrace in both the worlds. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)

These Hadiths and sayings are about the Fakirs who are annihilated in Allah and have reached the status of موتو ا قبل ان تموتوا that is “Death before dying”.

v  Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani has said about them that Fakir is not the one who does not own anything but is the one who orders “Be” and “It is done”. (Ar-Risala tul-Ghausia)

Ali ibn Abi Talib narrated that the Holy Prophet said,

v  When people keep enmity against the Fakirs, show off worldly splendour and become greedy in hoarding wealth and goods, then Allah sends four kinds of calamities upon them:

a)      Famine

b)      Cruel ruler or king

c)      Dishonest officials

d)      Dominance of enemies.

2. وَالْمَسٰکِیْنِ For the Masakeen: Arabic word Masakeen is plural of Miskeen which literally means indigent but mystically it refers to the Saints who perpetually remain with Allah i.e. they are ever engrossed in the remembrance of Allah. That is why, the Holy Prophet said,

Meaning: O’ Allah! Let me live as a Miskeen, die as a Miskeen and raise me amongst the Masakeen on the Doomsday.” (Mishkat al-Masabih)

v  Umar bin Khattab related the tradition of the Holy Prophet, “There is a key to everything and the key to paradise is the love of Masakeen.”(Kanz al-Ummal, RisalaQushayriyya/Al-Qushayri’s Epistle on Sufism)

Abdullah related from the Holy Prophet that he said:

v  Miskeen is not the one who keeps wandering (to beg for money) and at last gets a bite of food or a few dates.” The Companions of the Prophet inquired him, “Then, who the Masakeen are?” The Holy Prophet replied, “Miskeen is the one who does not have enough money to be called wealthy but feels shy to ask people for financial help, neither people know about his condition, so no one gives him sadaqah.” (Musnad-e-Ahmed)

Prophet Mohammad said to his wife Ayesha bint Abu Bakr;

v  Ayesha! Never return the Maskaeen empty handed, give them whatever you have even if it is just a date. Ayesha! Be loving towards the Masakeen and keep them close to yourself, Allah would keep you close to Himself on the Day of Judgment.” (Mishkat al-Masabih)

The word Masakeen has been used at least twenty three times in the Quran whereby it has been ordered to give them sadaqah and be good to them.

3. وَالْعٰمِلِیْنَ عَلَیْھَا For the Amileen: People appointed by an Islamic government to collect zakat are called the Amileen. Zakat can be given to them and it can be used to give their salaries as well.

4  وَالْمُؤَلَّفَۃِ قُلُوْبُھُمْ Muallafat-ul-Quloob (To win hearts): Zakat can also be spent to invite the non-Muslims towards Islam and to win their heart so that they get inclined towards Islam. This category also includes giving money to support those who seek help from Islam especially the newly converts to Islam. After the battle of Hunain, the Holy Prophet gave a large amount of booty to the newly converted Muslims. When the Ansars[2] questioned him, he said that he wanted to please their hearts as they had just entered Islam.

5.  وَ فِی الرِّقَابِ Fi ar-Riqab (To spend for the freedom of slaves): Sadaqat and zakat can be spent for the emancipation of slaves. Now a days, slavery is illegal but considering the context, this can be replaced with people who are undergoing imprisonment and are unable to pay the fine imposed to get freedom.

6.  وَالْغَارِمِیْنَ GharimeenGharimeen are those people who are burdened with loan and are unable to pay it back. Sadaqat and zakat can be spent to return their loan but this spending is not for those who have fallen into debt out of their habit of lavish or illicit spending as this would encourage them to take more loans and later pay them by getting sadaqah.

7.  وَفِیْ سَبِیْلِ اللّٰہِ Fi Sabilillah: Any kind of spending in the way of Allah such as for Jihad, for inviting others to Islam, to help any Muslim, for the exaltation of the religion, to spread the message of Islam, to encourage others to adopt the straight path i.e. Faqr, and any other cause whereby the intention is to spend in the way of Allah to please Him.

8.  وَابْنِ السَّبِیْلِ ط Ibn-us-Sabil: This refers to donating to help the travelers.

[1] Fakirs will enter paradise five hundred years before the rich because the latter would have to account for their wealth, from where they got it and where they spent it, unlike the former.

[2]Companions of the Holy Prophet who belonged to Madina and helped the Prophet and his Companions when they migrated from Makkah to Madina.

The Essence of Spending in the way of Allah

Although, salat is the best form of physical prayer for getting closer to Allah, but any kind of prayer can grant closeness of Allah only if it is performed after understanding its inner aspect and following its essence with sincerity and the presence of  soul. Salat, for instance, is not only a physical devotion but its inner aspect is to disconnect with everyone and everything and concentrate completely upon Allah. Similarly, zakat also has both the inner and outer aspects. The spirit or essence of zakat is to get rid of the love of worldly riches and it plays a crucial role in the purification of one’s soul. If sadaqah and zakat are given only practically with its essence missing, then, although one’s obligation would be performed but it would not be enough to purify the soul or bring one closer to Allah. Everything in the entire cosmos is hollow and useless without its essence. Likewise, a hollow act of sadaqah would fail to fulfill its desired purpose. The real purpose of zakat i.e. to purify, cleanse or grow spiritually can only be achieved if its essence is contained within the act of giving sadaqah. This would allow one to get closer to Allah thereby turning a Muslim into a true believer (Momin) who truly understands the secret of zakat and does not withhold any wealth except that which meets his basic necessities.

It is quite unfortunate that today, many formal theologians are at a loss to perceive the actual concept behind sadaqah. They misinterpret it and collaborate their confused definition with its literal meaning believing that zakat ‘purifies’ and ‘increases’ wealth itself, whereas, it is now clear that zakat ‘purifies’ the soul and ‘increases’ closeness to Allah. Their orthodox perspective in fact re-emphasizes the focus of people upon the growth of their wealth as they believe that they have found a religious methodology that would ‘increase’ their wealth further and ‘purify’ their unlawful earnings. This whole idea completely disregards the soul of zakat and sadaqat. The believer must acknowledge the fact that everything he owns actually belongs to Allah and so does his wealth and other possessions.

It is my sincere prayer to Allah that He allows us to spend in His way with pure intentions and sincerity of heart keeping in view the essence of zakat. Ameen

Spending Money in the way of Allah During Ramadan

During Ramadan there is always a remarkable increase in the passion for worships and charity. Most of the people pay zakat during this sacred month as reward of every virtuous deed is increased seventy times. That is why maximum people pay zakat, ushr, charity, sadaqat and donations during this month. Whomsoever Allah has blessed with wealth, affluence and generosity, he makes every effort to sacrifice maximum wealth for Allah during this sacred month. This month is full of blessings and is a golden opportunity for rich people to get closeness of Allah by spending their maximum wealth in the way of Allah. Those who are unable to perform physical devotions or keep fast in this month due to health issues can also make its compensation easily by spending generously in the way of Allah.

Companions of the Holy Prophet spent their entire wealth for Allah’s sake and always remained keen to make every kind of sacrifice for the happiness of the Holy Prophet and to achieve success in the holy court. Only by following their footsteps, a Muslim can please his beloved Prophet and Allah.

Zakat, Sadqat, Donations and 

Tehreek Dawat e Faqr

The perfect spiritual guide of Sultan Bahoo’s Sarwari Qadri order, the Universal Divine Man (Insan-e-Kamil) and the reviver of Islam in this era Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman set the foundation of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr on 23rdOctober 2009, so as to revive the soul of Islam and spread the teachings of Faqr of Sultan Bahoo in a more organized and proper manner as well as make the spiritual legacy of the Holy Prophet common among Muslims in this dark era.

It has been the tenet of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr to avoid collection of donations from people. Instead, the capable disciples and members of Tehreek themselves spend their money secretly and selflessly for the cause of Allah. Now for the first time, masses are being requested to give zakat, sadaqat and charity as per their financial capability for Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr. Before giving donation, you must be satisfied about the genuineness of our organization and our dedication towards Allah and His cause, as donations given with trust and satisfaction of heart prove beneficial for both the giver and the recipient and are a source of spiritual elevation. For that, you can visit our websites or come to our khanqah physically. It must be clear that your donations and support to any department of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr will be a source of continuous reward for you i.e. a sadqa-e-jaaria. This means that if you assist any department of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr, you will be continually rewarded till the expiration of that matter or thing in this mortal world. Following are some of its examples:

Construction of Mosque and Khanqah: Since the number of devotees and disciples of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is increasing and his organization is progressing day by day, Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr needs a spacious mosque and a khanqah for offices of its departments, gatherings of devotees and residence of the disciples for spiritual training. Allah says about mosque and khanqah:

فِیْ بُیُوْتٍ أَذِنَ اللّٰہُ اَنْ تُرْفَعَ وَیُذْکَرَ فِیْھَا اسْمُہٗ یُسَبِِّحُ لَہٗ فِیْھَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْاٰصَالِ

Meaning: The Divine light (Nur) of Allah is lit in those houses which Allah has ordered to be exalted, as His name (Ism-e-Allah Zaat) is invoked in them. Allah’s name is glorified in them morning and evening.” (Al-Nur 36)

In this verse, the “houses” refer to mosque and khanqahKhanqah is a place where the perfect spiritual guide purifies the souls and inner selves of seekers of Allah through his spiritually effective sight, sacred company and invocation and contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat, hence grants them eternal life. First khanqah of Islam was the platform of al-Suffa where the Companions of Holy Prophet lived in his company and acquired spiritual purgation and closeness of Allah.

Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr has planned to construct a grand khanqah having offices for all the departments of Tehreek such as publication department, digital productions department, IT department, Islamic research department etc, rooms for permanently residing seekers of Allah, guest rooms for devotees coming from other cities, a modern library, separate spacious halls for gathering of male and female disciples on Milad and other Islamic celebrations, free kitchen and a small hospital. Most important of all, a grand and beautiful mosque will be built adjacent to the khanqah. Your contribution in the construction of this khanqah and mosque through zakat and donations would be a source of spiritual beneficence and continuous reward for you  till the Doomsday.

Ism-e-Allah Zaat: Ism-e-Allah Zaat is given for invocation (Dhikr) and contemplation (Tasawur) free to every disciple immediately after he takes oath of allegiance at the sacred hand of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Those, who follow the path of Allah sincerely and whole heartedly, are blessed with Ism-e-Mohammad for further spiritual elevation. The cost of their single frame and its mirror is Rs.300/. To provide assistance in their preparation is sadqa-e-jaaria and a form of devotion because whenever a seeker of Allah will do invocation and contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat, you will also be rewarded. Till the time Ism-e-Allah Zaat or Ism-e-Mohammad prepared from your donation will remain present in this world, you will keep receiving its reward continually. In addition, printed Ism-e-Allah Zaat is also given freely to the individuals who do not taken oath of allegiance, it costs Rs.200/.

Free Distribution of Books: To preach and spread the teachings of Faqr, Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr has published more than 60 books till now. It is important to mention that the sale price of these books is kept less than the actual expenditure on their publication. Two books Haqeeqat Ism-e-Allah Zaat and Murshid Kamil Akmal have been published several times and thousands of them have been distributed free of cost. Each book costs Rs.125/. To help financially in publication of these books is sadqa-e-jaaria because until these books are present in the world and are read by seekers of Allah who will find the straight path towards Allah after reading them, Allah will continuously bless you with better reward. Our organization has also published books of Sultan Bahoo in Urdu as well as English whose cost is kept equal to the expenditure on them so that the mystic knowledge is provided to more and more people. Contributing in publishing these books is also a source of perpetual reward. There are some books which could not be published due to financial difficulties and are in the pipeline. Your help is anxiously awaited in this regard as well.

Post Office Expenditure: Delivery through post office costs around Rs.55/ per book. These expenses are increasing day by day. Your assistance in this regard will facilitate the delivery of these Islamic spiritual books to the people all over the world.

Mahnama Sultan-ul-Faqr: To spread the teachings of Faqr which is the soul of Islam, monthly magazine Sultan-ul-Faqr Lahore has been being published since August 2006. It is note worthy that its sale price is quite less than actual expense. This is JihadbilQalam (Jihad by means of pen) as our organization is spreading the true Mohammadan religion by means of pen through this magazine. Donation in this regard will also be a sadqa-e-jaaria. Sizeable quantity of honorary copies of this magazine is presented to different research centers, universities, colleges, schools and is also given for free to financially weak people. Your support in this department will be a greatly rewarding deed for the cause of Allah.

Expenditures of Central Office and Khanqah of Sarwari Qadri Order: A lot of seekers of Allah permanently live in the khanqah of Sarwari Qadri order and are always busy in different activities meant to promote the teachings of Islam. Guests from all over the country as well as from abroad are welcomed all the time. The doors of khanqah are open for everyone day and night without discrimination of any sect, caste, creed or status. In our central office and khanqahLangar (sacred food for free) is available round the clock. Every Sunday special Langer is prepared for the guests who arrive from all around the country. Milad of the Holy Prophet in the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal is celebrated in such a splendid way that people from all over the world attend and participate in it with great zeal and zest. A grand gathering is held every year on 10thof Muharram with extreme respect and devotion in commemoration of martyrdom of Imam Hussayn. Moreover, the urs (death anniversary) of the spiritual leaders of Sarwari Qadri order are also celebrated with great respect and devotion. In these ceremonies, the teachings of Faqr are highlighted through the biographies of these Saint which are a source of inspiration for the seekers of Allah. Celebrations of these sacred events require a considerable amount of expenditure. Your funding for these expenditures shall surely bring you a great reward.

Information Technology Department: Department of information technology has been established to introduce and propagate the teachings of Faqr through the internet. Following websites have been started by this department;

·         www.sultan-bahoo.com

·         www.sultan-ul-arifeen.com

·         www.tehreekdawatefaqr.com

·         www.sultanulfaqr.com

·         www.sultan-ul-faqr-publications.com

·         https://sultanulfaqr.tv

·         www.sultan-ul-faqr-digital-productions.com

·         www.mahnama-sultan-ul-faqr-lahore.com

·         www.sultan-ul-ashiqeen.com

·         https://sultan-ul-ashiqeen.tv

·         https://sultan-bahoo.tv

Through all these websites, the teachings and blessings of Faqr are being propagated all over the world. A lot of people have joined the way of Faqr after visiting them and have gained immense knowledge about it. These websites are supervised and updated constantly and it requires a huge amount. Your financial help in this department will be a great favour to promote teachings of Islam.

The Preachers: There are some disciples who have devoted themselves completely for the cause of Allah. They always remain busy in preaching Islam and inviting people towards Faqr. They are so occupied in it that they cannot find time to earn livelihood to fulfill their needs. They never ask for financial help from anyone. To assist and support them financially is indeed a sadqa-e-jaaria.

Poor and Needy Devotees: There are many deprived and needy devotees in Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr who are unable to fulfill their basic needs. They have also devoted themselves for Allah and are serving His religion. Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr supports them financially. You are also requested to support them.

This is your privilege to decide whom you give charity, zakat, sadqa and fitrana. Wherever you give, your heart must be satisfied. If you decide to donate for Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr, we welcome you graciously. You may directly assist any department or you may leave it upon the will of organization to use it where needed. For your satisfaction you are always welcome to check the output of your financial aid.

Sources to Send Donations:  You can money order us on the address of central office of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr given below;

Address: Sultan-ul-Faqr House 4-5/A Extension Education Town Wahdat Road Lahore, Pakistan. Postal Code:54790


You can also send us your donations through Easy Paisa and Mobi Cash. For this, please contact us on following numbers:

·         0321 4254906

·         0321 4507000

·         0322 4722766

Devotees from countries other than Pakistan can send donations, zakat and sadaqat through Western Union, Money Gram or any other remittance service to:

Moghees Afzal –

CNIC 35202-2915149-3,

cell # 0300-4737607

IBAN  # – PK19MUCB0000000002859898

Every Sunday, you can present your donations and zakat directly to Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman.

May Allah bless us with the ability to serve the Fakirs and spend in the way of Allah as much as possible so that we may please Him and find His closeness. Ameen

2018-12-26T18:55:39+00:000 Comments

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